After long time I’m posting this. In this time, I got a fantastic experience of switching myself from ubuntu to debian. Reasons? may be silly but here they are,
1. From 8.10, I had a tough time with all the kernel’s ubuntu shipped and updated into my laptop, I was hit by a kernel acpi bug (http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=11727) which still exists(in i686, not in x86_64). It pauses boot process when my laptop runs in battery and I need to press until init starts.
2. Nowadays, I hate the idea of ‘linux for everyone’. because ‘*nix’ systems are not for everyone. its for the one who like to learn computing.
3. My laptop lost DVD drive.
So I was in a mood to switch myself to something else. While surfing, I came to the debian website, their Installation guide explains howto install debian from a USB drive. Mine is Athlon64, so this time I went for x86_64. First I prepared my pendrive. For that we need to partition it using ‘fdisk’
$ sudo fdisk /dev/sdb
You can do this by running system->administration->partition-editor in Ubuntu. Once you created a new partition in your pendrive(/dev/sdb1), you need to format the partition as FAT32 using the following command
$ sudo mkfs -t vfat /dev/sdb1
Once you formatted, the next step is to install ‘syslinux’ into it, If your Ubuntu don’t have ‘syslinux’ command, install ‘syslinux’ package
$ sudo apt-get install syslinux $ sudo syslinux /dev/sdb1
Now its time to download the installation files, I copied all the files from the following location and copied into /dev/sdb1. Finally the drive will look like this,
$ find /media/disk . ./gtk ./gtk/vmlinuz ./gtk/initrd.gz ./syslinux.cfg ./vmlinuz ./initrd.gz ./ldlinux.sys ./MANIFEST ./boot.img.gz $
And it is capable of booting using ‘syslinux’ bootloader. To use Graphical Installer, we need to modify ‘syslinux.cfg’ to look like this
default gtk/vmlinuz append initrd=gtk/initrd.gz video=vesa:ywrap,mtrr vga=788
Once your pendrive is ready, unmount it and reboot the system, change the Boot order(In Compaq, press F9) and select the USB drive. The debian-installer will start asking questions, there on, its an easy ride. I didn’t install Gnome/Kde when the installer asked to choose one. I was interested in Xfce, so I postponed it.
In next post, I’ll tell you how I installed the 3rd layer(desktop).